Singapore: February 11, 2001
Tridandisvami Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja
[This year, 2005, the anniversary of the divine appearance day of Srila Bhakti
Prajnana Kesava Gosvami Maharaja is Feb. 27th. We pray you will kindly accept
the following glorification, given on this same day, in Singapore, on Feb. 11,
Today is the very sacred anniversary of the birth of my spiritual master,
nitya-lila pravistha om visnupada Sri Srimad Bhakti Prajnana Kesava
Gosvami Maharaja. He appeared in this world, on this day, to fulfill the
needs of his dearmost Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, Gaura-Nityananda Prabhu, and
Sri Gaura-Gadadhara. He came to help all the conditioned souls to come out
of this jail. We are in jail – all of us. He came to save us from the
of this world.
Our Gurudeva is the manifestation of jagad-guru Srila Vyasadeva. It may
also be said that he is a manifestation of akanda-guru-tattva Baladeva
Prabhu or Nityananda Prabhu. Since Vyasadeva is Lord Narayana Himself, we
can surely say that Sri Gurudeva is a manifestation of Vyasadeva. Sri Guru
sits on the vyasasana, the 'vyasa seat', the seat on which Vyasadeva used
to sit. In other words, he sits on the seat from which Vyasadeva preached
the glory of Radha and Krsna all over the world.
Today we will glorify him. We will also glorify guru-tattva and explain
how guru-tattva descends from Goloka Vrndavana.
Don’t think that this bhakti philosophy is useless; otherwise you will
very weak and give up the bhakti line. I am hearing about this problem –
daily. So many disciples of Srila Bhaktivedanta Swami Maharaja and other
bona fide Gurus are giving up bhakti and becoming weak. They are leaving
Krsna consciousness and accepting worldly family life. Why? It is because
they don't know this philosophy.
You should try to know all these truths. If you do not know them now, one
day you will have to know them. It may be after thousands of lives, but
one day you will have to know all these philosophical conclusive truths.
Don't think it useless to know them. If you don’t want to fall down, then
learn all them very, very deeply.
My Guru Maharaja rendered so many direct services to Srila Prabhupada
Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, like massaging him and so on, and he
was always with him for as long as he was present in this world. His glory
is like an ocean. You have heard so many prabhus glorify him, but we can
never complete His glorification.
You should know that the backbone of krsna-bhakti is guru-nistha,
unalloyed faith in Sri Guru. If one has no guru-nistha, he has no bhakti
at all. In Indian Vedic culture it is the tradition that one should accept
a transcendental Guru. If he or she has not accepted Guru, no one will
take any food prepared by him. No one will even drink the water which as
been offered by him – not even his father or mother. Do you understand
what I am telling? If a son or daughter is married, if he or she has not
accepted a Guru, then his or her cooking or offering will not be accepted
by his Vedic family. First one will have to accept a high class of Guru,
and then he or she can cook and perform all related services. In Indian
Vedic tradition from ancient times up to now, it was essential to accept a
bona fide Guru. Nowadays, however, the Western breeze is also coming
towards India, and thus India is rejecting Vedic principles. We are
especially rejecting Guru. Instead we think, "What is Gurudeva? Gurudeva
is nothing. There is no need of Gurudeva."
Minute by minute people are changing their wives and husbands. They
divorce many times in one life, and therefore no one is happy. If you want
to be happy you, should accept a qualified Guru and guru-parampara. If you
do not do so, you will have to experience the miseries of old age and
death. When you die, whatever you have collected in your life cannot be
taken with you. Always remember that death is sure. No one can save you
from death. What, then, will become of these palatial buildings and the
many other things you have collected? Try to understand this. By
guru-bhakti our lives will be changed and we will be happy forever.
What is vyasa? The line that touches the opposite sides of the
circumference of a circle by going through the central point is called the
diameter or vyasa. What is the meaning? Krsna is the center of all. Not
only this one world, but so many millions upon billions of universes are
in this circle. Srila Vyasadeva is touching Krsna, and then he is going to
all the innumerable ends of material existence. Who is Vyasa? He who is
preaching the glories of Krsna to all, teaching everyone: "You should
serve Lord Sri Krsna. No one but He can save you from this endless chain
of birth and suffering." Vyasa is he who is always serving Krsna, from
point to another, everywhere in this material world.
Vyasa took birth in between Mathura and Vrndavana, on an island in the
Yamuna. Parasara Muni was his father, and his mother was Srimati
Matsyodhari. Parasara Muni was going somewhere and wanted to cross the
Yamuna. He called the boatman, but that boatman was very tired and he sent
his adopted daughter in his stead. Because his daughter had been born from
the womb of a fish, a fishy odor emanated from her, but at the same time
she was very beautiful. He ordered her, "Take the ferry boat and help that
Rsi Parasara". Ordered by her father, Matsodari took the boat and told
Parasara, "You can come. I will take you across." When she reached
island in the middle of the Yamuna, Parasara looked upon her. At once she
became pregnant, and in a moment she gave birth to a very tall, beautiful,
blackish youth of sixteen years. Who was he? Vyasa. He had come by the
mercy of Krsna through Parasara, but he was actually Narayana. He
immediately renounced this world.
After some time he divided the Vedas in four – Rg Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur
Veda and Atharva Veda. After that he wrote the essence of all the Vedas,
and that was called Brahma-sutra, Sarika-sutra, or Vedanta-sutra. After
that he wrote thirty-six Puranas: Puranas, Upa Puranas and Sakha Puranas.
Then, for all people: for ladies, sudras, and all those who always lament
and who are entangled in worldly intoxications, he wrote the Mahabharata.
In that Mahabharata he gave the jewel-like Gitopadesa. Prior to this he
gave the catura-sloki Bhagavatam, which Sri Narada had taken from Lord
Brahma. There was yet no Srimad Bhagavatam, however, and so he was not
satisfied with his life.
Sri Narada came to him and asked, "Why you are so upset"?
Srila Vyasadeva replied, "Gurudeva, I don’t know."
Narada then told him, "You have not glorified Lord Sri Krsna and His
pastimes of Vrndavana, and you have not discussed how the gopis and all
the Vrajavasis serve Him. You should glorify Him, His many devotees, His
beloved gopis, and especially His beloved Radhika."
Vyasadeva then saw all the pastimes of Lord Krsna and His associates in
his trance, and thus he wrote Srimad Bhagavatam and became happy. The
essence, therefore, of all Vedic literature – Upanisads, Puranas, and
Bhagavatam – is Vraja-prema and moreover gopi-prema, and especially the
love and affection of Srimati Radhika, who controls Krsna and always keeps
Him in Her heart.
A Guru can give these mysterious truths; otherwise it is not possible to understand
them. He gives all this to his disciple, so that he can become happy. Ravana
had so much opulence, and millions of servants who lived in palaces made of
gold and jewels. All kinds of opulences were present in Lanka; no poor people
there. Ravana had ten heads, twenty eyes, and twenty ears, and he had conquered
the whole world. But he was not happy, because he could not control his heart
or mind. He could not control his lust. Therefore, the greatest and strongest
person is he who can control his six urges:
vaco vegam manasah krodha vega
etan vegan yo visaheta dhira
sarvam apimam prthivim sa sisyat
["A sober person who can tolerate the urge to speak, the mind’s
the actions of anger and the urges of the tongue, belly and genitals is
qualified to make disciples all over the world."]
If one cannot control his anger, his words, his tongue and his mind, he
cannot do anything to help himself. You know the ex-president of America –
Bill Clinton. He was so famous, and he was a very strong personality, but
he could not check his heart and he became entangled with an office girl.
Such persons cannot do anything productive. Therefore, if you want to be
happy in this world, try to follow Vyasadeva. Try to follow a real Guru.
Previous to writing Srimad Bhagavatam, Srila Vyasadeva made four
disciples: Paila, Sumanta, Jaimini, and Vaisampayana; and he trained each
of them in one of the four Vedas. Especially in South India, the Vedas,
Upanisads and Sanskrit sastras are followed. Nowadays, however, especially
those outside of India have gradually left their traditions. Something is
in their blood; they believe in God, but they have given up all religious
principals. They take meat, eggs, wine and so on. They cannot control the
Understanding the future, Vyasa gave one Veda to each of these four
disciples, and he gave the Mahabarata and Puranas to Ugrasrava Suta.
Vyasa served his Gurudeva, Sri Narada. He followed his Guru’s teachings
and he preached the glory of Sri Sri Radha-Krsna everywhere. He taught
the supremacy of Krsna and Radha’s love and affection throughout the
world. This is Vyasa.
A disiple is he who can serve his Gurudeva as more than his own life and
soul. A disciple is not one who is simply satisfied with the thought, "Oh,
Gurudeva has given me a name," but he does not chant, he does not realize
anything, and especially he is not following the principles of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. The principles of Mahaprabhu are the essence of all
trnad api su-nicena taror iva sahisnuna
amanina manadena kirtaniya sada harih
["One should chant the holy name of the Lord in a humble state of mind,
thinking oneself lower than the straw in the street; one should be more
tolerant than a tree, devoid of all sense of false prestige and should be
ready to offer all respect to others. In such a state of mind one can
chant the holy name of the Lord constantly."]
If you want to be a real disciple, you must be tolerant. If you do not
have this tolerance, then when a mosquito comes you will make a hydrogen
bomb to kill it. You will think, "How shall I save myself from this?!"
whole day and night you will be thinking about this, and krsna-bhajana
will disappear. To protect and maintain our life is essential, but why is
it essential? Not for living like dogs, hogs or pigs. If anyone is
spending his whole time maintaining himself, his is like a dog and other
animals. And actually, animals can do more than you. You are very worried
about one child, but dogs can have fifteen or sixteen. Two times in a year
they can have so many children, and there are many other animals that can
have still more than this. So don’t think you are more advanced than
animals in this way, or that you are so intelligent. They are more
intelligent than you.
If you want to be actually intelligent, then always remember your death
and your old age. Always remember that you cannot take anything with you
at death, and, if you are not doing bhajana, you will be crushed by maya –
thoroughly crushed. At that time you will lament, "Why could I not do
bhajana? I’ve failed."
Srila Vyasadeva writes:
labdhva sudurlabham idam bahu-sambhavante
manusyam arthadam anityam apiha dhirah
turnam yateta na pated anumrtyu yavan
nihsreyasaya visayah khalu sarvatah syat
["After many births we have attained this human form; therefore before
death comes, we should engage ourselves in the transcendental loving
service of the Lord. That is the fulfillment of human life."]
The main object of this human life is to try at once, immediately, to
realize the Supreme Personality of Godhead. We should realize, "Who am
I am not this body." This is the teaching of Vyasa.
sa vai punsam paro dharmo
yato bhaktir adhoksaje
[“The supreme occupation (dharma) for all humanity is that by which men
can attain to loving devotional service unto the transcendent Lord. Such
devotional service must be unmotivated and uninterrupted to completely
satisfy the self”].
The purpose of this life is to serve the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
Krsna, as stated in these two slokas which were preached widely by my Guru
aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa tanayas tad dhama vrndavanam
ramya kacid upasana vraja-vadhu vargena ya kalpita
srimad-bhagavatam pramanam amalam prema pumartho mahan
sri caitanya mahaprabhor matam idam tatradaro na parah
["The Personality of Godhead Sri Krsna, Who is known as the son of the
King of Vrajadhama, Sri Nanda Maharaja, is the ultimate worshipful Lord of
all Lords. Similarly His residential abode, the holy place of Vrndavana,
is as worshipful as the Lord Himself. The ways of His worship may be
various, but the one which was conceived by the damsels of Vrajadhama is
unsurpassable by any other devotee. Srimad-Bhagavatam Puraëa is the
unalloyed guidance for approaching the worshipful Lord, which is the
ultimate goal of life. This is the sum total opinion of Lord Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. We shall bow down our heads before His opinion, and not accept
amanayaha praha tattavam harim iha paramam sarva saktima rasabdhima
tata bhinansansa ca jivan prakritir kavalitan tada vimuktansa ca bhavada
bhedabheda prakasam sakalampi harch sadhanam sudha bhaktim
sadhayam tata pritim eva iti upadesayati janan gauracandra savayam saha
["The authoritative knowledge of Vedas received through the bona fide
disciplic succession, establishes the following fundamental truths:
1. Hari is the supreme absolute truth.
2. He is omnipotent.
3. He is the reservoir of all mellows.
4. The living entities are His separated parts and parcels.
5. The conditioned souls are covered by Maya.
6. The liberated souls are beyond the influence of Maya.
7. The entire cosmic manifestation is simultaneously one and different from
8. Suddha-bhakti is the only means to achieve love of Godhead.
9. The goal is to attain love of Godhead.
These teachings have been instructed by Gauracandra Himself."]
If anyone traverses this path, he must be happy. No one will be able to
check his happiness.
The demon Hiranyakasipu was practically immortal. He had so much opulence.
He used to control Vayu, the god of air, Indra, and all other gods and
goddesses, but he could find no happiness. A new being – animal plus man
came to him pulled out his intestines and in a moment. If you do not
follow the principals for advancing in devotional service, then from the
beginning of your life, day and night, you'll only be thinking, "Money,
money, money." Then, after death you will become money. Realize this. It
is to give you this message that we have come here. We have come to tell
you that you should always remember your death. Always remember Vyasadeva.
Especially those of you who are Indians should remember the place from
which you have come. India was previously known as Bharata. What is the
meaning of Bharata? 'Bha' means illumination, or light. What is that
light? Tattva-jnana. You come from that land where Narada Rsi, Brahma,
Sankara, and all the acaryas were present. Transcendental knowledge is
everywhere in Bharata. I have come to help you. I have come to remind you
that you are coming from Bharata. Don’t forget this knowledge. You can
make some money for your maintenance, but what is the purpose of
maintaining yourselves? It is to follow the teachings of Srila Vyasadeva.
In relation to Vyasa, there are four personalities who founded the four
sampradayas: Brahma, Rudra, Sri and Sanaka. From them came the four
sampradaya-acaryas, Madhva, Visnusvami, Ramanuja and Nimbaditya
respectively, and they all made commentaries on Vedanta-sutra, or
Brahma-sutra. Sri Sankaracarya wrote an explanation of Brahma-sutra called
Sariraka-bhasya, or Brahma-sutra-bhasya, and his philosophy was known as
advaita-vada, or kevaladvaita-vada. He claimed that brahma (spirit) has no
shape, no power and no speciality, and therefore He is nirvisesa-brahma,
the qualitiless spirit-whole. Sankaracarya gave all these negative ideas,
but he never gave any positive explanation. He said, “Brahma satya jagan
mitya. This entire world is false, and only brahma is truth, but that
brahma is without powers. There is nothing in him. Sripad Sankaracarya's
philosophy was therefore called advaita-vada or mayavada.
After Sankaracarya’s time, Srila Ramanujacarya came to this world and
defeated all his arguments. He taught that Sankaracarya’s ideas are not
those of the Vedas. Rather, his ideas are against the Vedic principles. We
should not follow this. Only demons can follow these ideas. No Vedic
person can accept the theory that the Supreme Personality of Godhead has
no shape, no attributes and no power. Ramanujacarya defeated all of the
arguments of Sankaracarya and called his philosophy visista-advaita-vada
(specific monism). He taught that there are millions of jivas and millions
of worlds. The Supreme Personality of Brahma has attributes. Innumerable
jivas have come from Him, and this world also comes from Him. He exists,
along with this world and the jivas. The practice described in Ramanuja's
philosophy is bhakti, and the goal is service to the lotus feet of Lord
Narayana. Ramanuja accepted the form of Narayana, His attributes, His
power, and also His bhakti. He rejected the mayavadi philosophy of
After Ramanuja came Madhvacarya. He established a certain portion of the
Vedas, and his philosophy is called visuddhadvaita or dvaitadvaitavada. In
this philosophical understanding there are five differences. You should
explain the five differences.
[Aranya Maharaja:] Madhvacarya established the philosophy that there is a
difference between brahma and maya, there is a difference between jiva and
maya, there is difference between jiva and jiva, and between different
manifestations of maya there are also differences. These five types of
differences are called dvaitavada.
[Srila Narayana Maharaja:] His practice was bhakti and his aim and object was
the service of the Supreme Lord in the form of Vasudeva. Which Vasudeva?
He who has a churning rod in His hand. This form was also accepted
by Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
After Madhva came Nimbaditya, and his philosophy was visuddha-vedaveda,
but svabhavika (natural). He preached that brahma has transformed, and it
is from brahma that the whole world is coming. Brahma is alone, but still
there are so many jivas and so many associates, like His father and
mother. His abode is there, but as a transformation of brahma.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not like this. He took the essence of all the
Vedas – not only part it. He fully took all the moods of the essence of
the Vedas and discovered acintya-bhedabheda-tattva. He taught that it is
not directly from Lord Sri Krsna that this world and the jivas have come,
but rather from His energy. This philosophy is called sakti-parinama-vada,
transformation of sakti, or energy. Caitanya Mahaprabhu adopted this
philosophy because it asserts that everything has not come from Krsna
Himself, but from the power of Krsna. Mahaprabhu defeated the arguments of
Nimbaditya’s bhedabheda svabhavika and founded acintya-bhedabheda.
If anyone accepts this practice and goal, that person is in the line of
Vyasa. We should try to realize this. Somehow you should know the essence
of krsna-bhakti, that bhakti which Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu brought from
Goloka Vrndavana – gopi-prema. This is the goal of our life. If we accept
this, then our Vyasa-puja is complete. The followers of Sankaracarya
'worship' Vyasa, but they don’t follow him. They say Vyasa was ignorant
because he wrote that brahma is anandamaya-bhyasa, blissful. The followers
of Sankaracarya reject this. They say that brahma is 'bliss', but He is
not 'blissful'. In other words, He is not a person.
This is not service to Guru. A disciple must obey and serve his Gurudeva.
Serving Gurudeva outwardly by worship and at the same time cutting the
arguments and teachings of Gurudeva is not duty or service of a disciple.
Yet, Sankaracarya did that.
Why did he do so? It was because Lord Narayana ordered him to do so, to
save Himself from being disturbed by demons who came to Him in the name of
bhakti but who really only wanted Him to fulfill their selfish desires.
Narayana had told Sankaracarya, "You must preach in this world, ‘You
brahma.’ You must tell them to meditate on the conceptions: Aham brahmasmi
(I am that impersonal God), sarvam kalvidam brahma (the impersonal God is
everything) and tat-tvam-asi (you are also that)."
There are so many things to discuss, but somehow try to know this: If you
want to be happy in this world, then accept an exalted, transcendental
Guru who knows Gita, Bhagavatam, the Puranas and Vedas, who can remove all
doubts, and who chants harinama sankirtana purely, following trnad api
sunicena taror iva sahisnuna. Such a Guru practices bhakti as received
from Vyasa, Narada, and all other bona fide spiritual masters. He serves
and glorifies his Gurudeva throughout the world, as we see in the lives of
Srila Bhaktisiddanta Saraswati Gosvami, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, Srila
Bhaktivedanta Swami Maharaja, and my Gurudeva Srila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava
Gosvami Maharaja. If you want to follow, you will be happy.
Gaura-premanande hari hari bol.
Typists: Kalindi dasi, Sulata dasi and Kanaka Manjari dasi
Editor: Syamarani dasi