August 29, 2003: Mathura, India
Tridandisvami Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja
Rukmini devi is very broadminded and her
heart is very deep and grave, and therefore she has great faith
and respect for the lotus feet of the gopis. She is not like
Satyabhama devi, who is Srimati Radharani's manifestation and has
saapatni-bhava, which means she has some transcendental jealousy
(in this case, towards the gopis). In a jealous mood Srimati
Satyabhama devi said, "O sister, what are you saying? Why do you
say "at night"? In the daytime He acts just as He does when He
sleeps at night. Even the dasis of the dasis there in Vraja are
more dear to him than us."
Pariksit Maharaja referred to Lord Baladeva as
Rohini-nandana in order to clarify that he is the son of
Rohini-maiya. Balarama is the prana-svarupa, the embodiment of the
life and soul, of all the Vrajavasis. As Rohini-nandana, He agreed
with his mother. He does not consider Krsna to be the son of
Vasudeva Maharaja and Devaki devi. He considers Him to be
Nanda-nandana and Yasomati-nandana, and he also thinks of Himself
as a Vrajavasi.
When Krsna and Balarama had first
gone to Mathura, they wrestled with Carana and Mustika and killed
Kamsa. That night the cowherd boys and Nanda Baba were waiting
just outside Mathura, and Krsna did not return to see him
because Vasudeva and Devaki were keeping Him with them. The next day,
Krsna and Balarama went to him and Krsna asked, "Is it true that I
am the son of Devaki and Vasudeva?" Balarama can say, I am the
son of Vasudeva, because his father is Vasudeva, but Krsna cannot
do so. Therefore, when Nanda Baba heard these words from Krsnas
lotus mouth he became angry and said, "Having stayed in Mathura
for only one day, You already think You are the son of Devaki and
Vasudeva?" Krsna could not reply and He began to weep.
Because Baladeva has the mood
of a Vrajavasi, when he now heard the glories of Lord Krsna from
Satyabhama and Rukmini, he could not tolerate it and became angry.
He continued, "Dont you know? This Krsna is actually a big
cheater. Rukmini said He cries for the Vrajavasis while sleeping,
but this is actually just cheating. He has no love at all for the
Vrajavasis. They are dying in separation from Him, and He only
pretends to share their feelings.
tried to pacify the Vrajavasis by taking prasadam with Nanda and
Yasoda, talking with all the Vrajavasis, and dancing with all the
gopis in the month of Vasanta. Now he said, "I went there for two
months, and finally I had to promise them not to worry because I
would bring Krsna there by force. I promised them that Krsna would
be coming soon, but did they become peaceful? No, their viraha,
separation feelings from Krsna, increased still more. I then returned
here and tried again and again to take Krsna to Vrndavana, but He
never went not even once.
Until then Krsna had been lying on the bed, His head covered by His
pitambara, and now He began weeping as He arose from His bed. Why was He crying? He was remembering Nanda Baba and
Yasoda devi and all the Vrajavasis.
Hearing this katha was the cause of Krsnas weeping like a baby.
But Baladeva said, "Don't believe this crying; it is also
Another reason that Krsna did not
visit Vrndavana can be understood by the analogy of a hot chapatti
plate on the fire. When a person puts a drop of water on it there is
a sizzling sound and and that drop jumps. If any nearby person
happens to get that jumping drop on his or her arm it is very
painful. Krsna realized that by going to Vrndavana He would not be
able to pacify the Vrajavasis, and especially the gopis. It would be
completely impossible. If He would go for one or two days, the
separation of the gopis and Vrajavasis would only increase. A
question then arises why could Krsna not simply return to
Vrndavana for good? The answer is that He understood that He could
not pacify the gopis and Vrajavasis by doing so, as shown by the
history of Prema-sarovara. There, even when Srimati Radharani was
in the presence of Krsna, sitting directly on His lap, She cried,
"O Krsna, where are You, where are You?"
Another reason Krsna did not return to Vrndavana is that He
is very merciful. He wanted to teach the glories of the prema of
the Vrajavasis and especially that of the gopis. He wanted to show
the world how much happiness the gopis feel when meeting with Him
and how they feel pain in separation from Him. By His staying in
Mathura all the separation feelings of the gopis were manifest.
Now, hearing the words of Sri Baladeva
Prabhu and Srimati Rohini-devi, Lord Krsna began to shed oceans of
tears and His voice became choked. Srila Santana Gosvami used the
word Bhagavan in this connection because even though Krsna is
Bhagavan, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He is completely
controlled by the prema of the Vrajavasis. He forgets He is Svayam
Bhagavan and thinks I am Gopinatha, Radha-natha, and
Yogamaya arranges everything in
Vraja, so she also arranged for Srimati Radharani to go
every day from Yavat to Nandagaon to cook for Krsna. People
greatly criticized Her at that time, but she tolerated this, just
for the happiness of Krsna. They also criticized Mother Yasoda for
allowing a girl to cook for her son, but she also tolerated this,
just for the happiness of Krsna. No other example can be given to
illustrate the prema of the Vrajavasis. The Vrajavasis are their
Uddhava could not reply but Devaki did so. Weeping out of
fear, she interrupted the conversation and said, "If Krsna returns
to Vrndavana even for one day, I know that He will never return. Here
in Mathura He has many responsibilities and duties, but in
Vrndavana there are no such things. There He only tastes prema. If
He goes there for one day He will never return, and if He goes,
how will I remain alive?"
Sri Krsnas associates in Mathura and
Dvaraka can hear about the pastimes of Vrndavana and can understand
something of them, but they can not fully realize them because of
their aisvarya-bhava mood of awe and respect) of Krsna. Devaki
cleverly said, "We can give everything to the Vrajavasis, and to
Nanda and Yasoda, but Krsna should not go to Vrndavana."
The Vrajavasis don't want any wealth they only want Krsna.
During the Hera-pancami festival at the time of Ratha-yatra Srila
Svarupa Damodara and Srivasa Thakura were having a transcendental
argument. Srivasa Thakura said, "Look at the glories of my Dvaraka.
There, Laksmi rides on a golden throne." Srila Svarupa Damodara
replied, "O Srivasa, you have forgotten about the natural opulence
of Vrndavana. The trees are not ordinary there they are all
kalpa-vrksa, wish-fulfilling trees. Yet, the Vrajavasis have so
much prema that they are self-satisfied and do not want anything
from them. The Vrajavasis simply take their fruits, flowers and
manjaris for the service of Krsna. The stones in Vrndavana are all
cintamani (wish-fulfilling stones) but the gopis only use them on
their toe-rings and to decorate themselves. They have no need of
any type of opulence. Their opulence is krsna-prema."
"prema-dhana vina vyartha daridra jivana
vetana more deha prema-dhana"
"Without prema I am poor, so make my life successful by giving me
In order to change Devaki's mind so
that she would not donate everything to Mother Yasoda and Nanda
Baba, Padmavati began to joke in this way. She is compared with a
small boy who is given a piece of fruit by his parents. If his
mother or father asks for the fruit back he won't give it, because
he does not understand that if he gives it back the mother or
father can give him so much more.
Editorial Advisors: Pujyapad Madhava Maharaja and
Translator: Sripad Damodara
Typist: Anita dasi
Transcriber: Vasanti dasi