[Moreover, I want to tell you
something. When Sankaracharya was only seven or eight years old, he wanted to
take sannyasa. He was an only child, and his mother was very attached to him.
She did not want to give him permission to take sannyasa, and she made him
promise not to do so. Then, with the help of mystical power, Sankaracharya
arranged that a crocodile attacked him when he was bathing in the river. As the
crocodile was about to swallow him, he raised his arm, looking at his mother who
was standing on the shore in utter despair. He asked his mother Please allow me
to take sannyasa just now, so that I will be liberated and my life will be
successful. His mother, thinking that there was no more hope to rescue his
life, agreed and gave her permission for him to take sannyasa. As soon as she
gave her permission, the crocodile vanished, and Sankaracharya at once come out
of the water and prepared to leave his mother. She cried, but Sankaracharya
never again considered her condition. He left at once and took sannyasa. The
sacred order of sannyasa is the most auspicious position, and it allows one to
obtain gopi-bhava. To give up sannyasa and become entangled in household life is
the most inauspicious thing that can happen to a person. (This bracketed
paragraph was personally added by Srila Narayana Maharaja after this lecture was
spoken. He requested that it be inserted here, for the benefit of all the
[Srila Narayana Maharaja now resumed his discussion of Sri Krsnas pastimes in
Vraja:] Krsna began to play very sweet pastimes. After a few months, when He was
a little grown, all the Vrajavasis became very happy and held many festivals.
When He was about 2 ½ years old, He was bound by the rope of Mother Yasoda. I
have told this pastime many times during the Kartika festival, and I also told
the history of the fruit-seller many times.
After Krsnas next birthday celebration, Nanda Baba, Abhinanda, Upananda and
other elderly cowherd men held a meeting and decided. So many demons are
coming, and the grass for the cows is not growing as well as before. We should
go to Vrndavana.
Then, all the Vrajavasis crossed the Yamuna River and went to Cattikara in
Vrndavana with all their cows. After they arrived, Krsna wanted to know about
the residents there. He asked His mother, Mother, who is that person who is
trembling? Who is he? Mother Yasoda replied, This is the Pippal.tree. [The
leaves of the Pippal tree tremble ed.] And who is he with those long, long
hairs? Oh, this is the banyan tree. And who are they who are laughing and
running? These are deer. In this way Krsna was learning many new things.
In order to protect their new land, the cowherd men placed their bullock carts
together in a circle. They also placed many thorn bushes around the carts and
all this created a protective wall.
Krsna was bigger now, and along with His sakhas He began to take out thousands
upon thousands of calves to graze. After some time, He came to Talavana, and
there Baladeva Prabhu killed the ass-demon Dhenakusara. Dhenakasura, the demon
who was in the form of a donkey, represents ignorance. Dhenakasura was a foolish
donkey and he was killed by Baladeva Prabhu. As Guru, Baladeva Prabhu killed
The donkey is repeatedly kicked by the hind-legs of the she-donkey as he follows
behind her. Still, even though his face is full of blood, he never give up
following, Donkeys are very lusty and also very foolish.
During the summer season in India, when all grasses are dry, the donkeys graze.
They walk for one or two miles, but get nothing to eat. Because they dont see
any grass, they think, I have grazed so much. In the rainy season, on the
other hand, when there is so much grass, they walk a little forward and their
stomachs are filled by that lush grass. Yet, those donkeys think, I have hardly
One thing more: the donkey carries beautiful cloths, sugar, and so many items up
hills and here and there, but he cannot enjoy any of it himself.
What is ignorance? Although one knows, Without bhakti to Krsna, I cannot be
happy, still, controlled by maya, one is engaged in sense gratification. This
is ignorance. Gurudevas association and powerful speaking is like a sword. By
that sword, Gurudeva cuts that ignorant persons attachment to all worldly
things and makes him a self-realized devotee. Not only that; Gurudeva gives that
person an attainment as high as radha-dasyam, service to the lotus feet of
Srimati Radhika. How fortunate you are; so dont waste your time.
After Baladeva killed Kamsas associate Dhenakasura, Kamsa sent Aghasura in the
form of an eight mile-long snake. Aghasura stretched his mouth open just like a
mountain cave. Desiring to swallow all the boys at once, including Krsna and
Balarama, he sat on the path. The demon in the shape of a large serpent expanded
his jaws from land to sky; his lower lip touching the ground and his upper lip
touching the clouds. His jaws appeared like a big mountain cave, without
limitation, his teeth appeared just like mountain summits, and his tongue
appeared to be a broad traffic-way.
The cowherd boys were thinking, Krsna is behind and we are now here. This looks
like a snake, but it is not a snake. It might be a cave. We should go inside and
see what happens. Even if it is a demon, Krsna will surely save us.
Krsna was about to warn His friends, Dont go, dont go, but they had already
gone in with their calves. Aghasura wanted to swallow Krsna also, so he waited
with his mouth open.
Krsna thought, All the boys have gone inside. I must go there to save them. He
then entered, and then Aghasura closed his mouth. When Krsna reached the throat
of that demon, He expanded Himself and thus became very big and hot, and in this
way the demons breath was stopped.
The demons eyes popped from his head like rasagullas. A dazzling light burst out
from a hole in his skull and, flashing, went into the sky. In the meantime,
Krsna came out of the demons mouth with all of His friends, for by His
nectarean glance He had brought them all back to life. That effulgent light then
entered His lotus feet, and this was seen by the demigods.
Especially Brahma saw this, and he thought, Aghasura attained mukti, which is
very rare to attain. Those who are always thinking, aham brahmasmi, I am that
spirit whole, must perform severe austerities. But Aghasura easily attained
Brahma wanted to see more sweet pastimes of Krsna, but he thought that he could
create Krsnas pastimes himself, by his own power. He thought, I should steal
the cowherd boys and calves, and then I will see what happens. Brahma used his
own intelligence. If he would have prayed to Krsna, Please allow me to see Your
pastimes, it would have been okay. But he did something wrong, and therefore
Krsnas Yogamaya potency covered his intelligence.
Krsna considered, All the cows want Me to be their calves, all the elderly
gopis want Me to be their sons, and the Vraja gopis want Me to be Their most
beloved. So He accomplished many tasks by this one pastime.
What did Brahma do?
[Srila Narayana Maharaja called on Prema-prayojana dasa to relate this history,
and then he himself spoke again:]
You have heard the sweet pastimes of Krsna and Brahma. Baladeva wondered what
had happened.*[See endnote 2] He thought, Whose maya is this? Is this a demons
maya? No, it cannot be so, because material maya cannot cover Me. He then asked
Krsna, What is going on?
Krsna began to laugh and said, Brahma wanted to see My pastimes, and also I
desired to be the son of the gopis and the calves of the cows. I wanted to
perform a miracle like this.
Gargacarya had foretold, This year is very auspicious. All fathers and mothers
should marry their sons and daughters in this year. Thus, the Vrajavasis
married even those children who were in the womb. They promised each other, If
my child is a girl and your child is a boy, they will be married. Thus, all the
Vrajavasis married their daughters and sons.
But the gopas were Krsna. In this way, all the gopis were married to Krsna, a
miracle that was created by Yogamaya.
Nanda Baba and Mother Yasoda-devi wanted that Srimati Radhika marry their son
Krsna, and Vrsabhanu Maharaja and Kirtida-devi also wanted this. Vrsabhanu
Maharaja thought, My daughter should be married to the son of Nanda, Krsna,
because there is no one more beautiful and qualified than He.
Yogamaya saw that Krsnas desire would not be fulfilled if He were to be married
to Srimati Radhika. In marriage, a wife becomes like a servant; she is
controlled by her husband. So by trick, Yogamaya changed the minds of Radhas
and Krsnas parents mind, and now they thought that if Srimati Radhika would
marry Krsna, there might be some problems. They now thought it would be better
that She marry into a good family like that of Abhimanyu, the son of Goal-gopa
That marriage was performed with a shadow of Radhika, not actually with Radhika.
Yogamaya created that shadow, and then Abhimanyu thought, I am the husband of
Radhika. But he could never be so. He was a eunuch.
In this way, by the arrangement of Yogamaya, all the gopis, like Lalita and
Visakha, were married to gopas in Yavat. Vrsabhanu Maharaja could not marry his
daughter to Krsna, and in this way Sri Sri Radha and Krsna could remain
beloveds. This is parakiya-rasa (the mood of paramour).
It is stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.31.16):
ativilanghya te `nty acyutagatah
kitava yositah kas tyajen nisi
[Dear Krsna, we gopis have neglected the order of our husbands, sons, family,
brothers and friends and have left their company to come to You. You know
everything about our desires. We have come only because we are attracted by the
supreme music of Your flute. But You are a great cheater, for who else would
give up the company of young girls like us in the dead of night?]
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Krsna Himself with the beauty and intrinsic mood of
Srimati Radhika. Krsna came as the son of Srimati Saci-devi and declared that
the paramour mood of the gopis is the highest devotion to Sri Krsna. Paramours
are banned from meeting each other, and this makes their relationship more
interesting. Rukmini and Satyabhama cannot fully satisfy Krsna. They are like
servants. Krsna can tell Satyabhama, Oh, I will send you out of My palace. In
fact [as stated in Brhad-Bhagavatamrta], He told her this once in New Vrndavana.
Can He say this to Srimati Radhika? She had never taken any garments, meals,
ornaments or anything else from Him. She was not supplied anything by Him. Krsna
is simply controlled by Her love and affection, and that is why He told Her and
the other gopis,
na paraye 'ham niravadya-samyujam
sva-sadhu-krtyam vibudhayusapi vah
ya mabhajan durjara-geha-srnkhalah
samvrscya tad vah pratiyatu sadhuna
[I am not able to repay My debt for your spotless service, even within a
lifetime of Brahma. Your connection with Me is beyond reproach. You have
worshiped Me, cutting off all domestic ties, which are difficult to break.
Therefore please let your own glorious deeds be your compensation. (Srimad-Bhagavatam
Sri Uddhava has prayed, I want to be a blade of grass, and take the lotus dust
of the gopis on my head.
[I repeatedly offer my respects to the dust from the feet of the women of Nanda
Maharaja's cowherd village. When these gopis loudly chant the glories of Sri
Krsna, the vibration purifies the three worlds. (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 10.47.63)]
[Question:] Why did Brahma see the cowherd boys expansions of Krsna in Vraja as
four-armed forms of Lord Narayana?
[Srila Narayana Maharaja:] Brahma always worships Lord Narayana. To show that,
I am the same Narayana, Krsna appeared in the form of Narayana, one of His
vaibhava-prakasa manifestations. After that, He again assumed His original form
as a cowherd boy, at which time Brahma realized, Krsna is really the Supreme
[Question:] What did the cowherd boys do for one year?
[Srila Narayana Maharaja:] Brahma is not able to kidnap Krsnas cowherd boys.
Krsna desired it, and Yogamaya arranged it. It was not by Brahmas maya, but by
Yogamaya, that they slept. The calves also slept. After that, when Brahma
returned and Krsna gave him darsana, the boys thought, We just fell asleep a
moment ago. Where is Krsna? Similarly Krsna was searching for them: Oh Sridama,
Oh Subala, where are you?
[*Endnote 1: Time is figuratively described here as Candavega. Since time and
tide wait for no man, time is herein called Candavega, which means "very swiftly
passing away." As time passes, it is calculated in terms of years. One year
contains 360 days, and the soldiers of Candavega herein mentioned represent
these days. Time passes swiftly; Candavega's powerful soldiers of Gandharvaloka
very swiftly carry away all the days of our life. As the sun rises and sets, it
snatches away the balance of our life-span. Thus as each day passes, each one of
us loses some of life's duration. It is therefore said that the duration of
one's life cannot be saved. But if one is engaged in devotional service, his
time cannot be taken away by the sun. As stated in Srimad-Bhagavatam (2.3.17),
ayur harati vai pumsam udyann astam ca yann asau. The conclusion is that if one
wants to make oneself immortal, he should give up sense gratification. By
engaging oneself in devotional serv ice, one can gradually enter into the
eternal kingdom of God. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 4.27.13 purport by Srila
Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada]
[*Endnote 2] Taken from Krsna , Ch. 14:
When Balarama saw this extraordinary exchange of affection between the cows and
their calves and between the fathers and their children when neither the
calves nor the children needed so much care He began to wonder why this
extraordinary thing had happened. He was astonished to see all the residents of
Vrndavana so affectionate to their own children, exactly as they had been to
Krsna. Similarly, the cows had grown affectionate to their calves as much as
Balarama therefore concluded that the extraordinary show of affection was
something mystical, either performed by the demigods or by some powerful man.
Otherwise, how could this wonderful change take place? He concluded that this
mystical change must have been caused by Krsna, whom Balarama considered His
worshipable Personality of Godhead. He thought, It was arranged by Krsna, and
even I could not check its mystic power. Thus Balarama understood that all
those boys and calves were only expansions of Krsna. Balarama inquired from
Krsna about the actual situation.
He said, My dear Krsna, in the beginning I thought that all these calves and
cowherd boys were either great sages and saintly persons or demigods, but at
present it appears that they are actually Your expansions. They are all You; You
Yourself are playing as the calves and boys. What is the mystery of this
situation? Where have those other calves and boys gone? And why are You
expanding Yourself as the calves and boys? Will You kindly tell Me what is the
cause? At the request of Balarama, Krsna briefly explained the whole situation:
how the calves and boys were stolen by Brahma and how He was concealing the
incident by expanding Himself so people would not know that the original calves
and boys were missing.]
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