There are two kinds of Gurus; that is, the siksa-guru and the diksa-guru.
vande 'ham sri-guroh sri-yuta-pada-kamalam sri-gurun vaisnavams ca
["I offer my respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of my diksa-guru
and siksa-guru, and unto the feet of all Vaisnavas."]
Siksa-guru and diksa-guru may be equal; but sometimes, if the diksa-guru
is also the siksa guru, there may be a prominence of diksa-guru.
Sometimes, if we are not able to hear from our Gurudeva, then siksa-guru
may be more prominent. My diksa-guru is Srila Bhakti Prajnana Kesava
Gosvami Maharaja, and my prominent siksa-guru is Srila Rupa Gosvami
himself. Who is greater? Srila Rupa Gosvami. Do you understand?
Also, my siksa-guru is Sikhi-puccha-mauli, Sri Krsna Himself.* [See
Endnote 1] In that case, is diksa-guru superior or siksa-guru superior?
Certainly siksa-guru, Krsna Himself, is superior. Of course we will have
to give proper respect to our Gurudeva first, because he is the one who
told us who Srila Rupa Gosvami is, who Sri Krsna is and who Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu is. If one does not have guru-nistha, everything is gone.
Guru-nistha (strong faith in the self-realized Guru) is the backbone of
bhakti; nistha to Guru, nistha to guru-pancaka* [See Endnote 2], nistha to
Lord Krsna, and nistha to the guru-parampara. If you have no nistha, your
life is unsuccessful. If you have no guru-nistha, you should change your
life in such a way that you will get it.
Guru-nistha brings you to akanda-guru-tattva, Sri Baladeva Prabhu. You
will ultimately see that Guru is the prakasa (manifestation) of Sri
Nityananda Prabhu or Sri Baladeva Prabhu. If you pray for something from
your Guru, Nityananda prabhu and akanda-tattva Baladeva prabhu will at
once arrange everything. This is because our Gurudeva is not something
separate form Sri Nityananda Prabhu.
You should not think that Srila Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada has
discovered something new and that we are "Prabhupadanugas". Some think
that "Just as there are Rupanuga Vaisnavas [*See Endnote 3], so we are
Prabhupadanuga." Persons who think like that are nothing they are
All our acaryas have told us to follow the Rupanuga Vaisnavas but who
are Rupanuga? Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu first of all inspired all spiritual
truths in Srila Rupa Gosvami's heart, as well as all knowledge of the
Vedas, Upanisads and all other scriptures. Then, by the Lord´s mercy,
Srila Rupa Gosvami knew his heart:
sthapitam yena bhu-tale
svayam rupah kada mahyam
["I was born in the darkest ignorance, and my spiritual master opened my
eyes with the torch of knowledge. I offer my respectful obeisances unto
him. When will Srila Rupa Gosvami Prabhupada, who has established within
this material world the mission to fulfill the desire of Lord Caitanya,
give me shelter under his lotus feet?"]
By the mercy of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Srila Rupa Gosvami manifested, or
wrote, so many books, such as Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu, Sri
Ujjvala-nilamani and Sri Upadesamrta. The question is, who are Rupanuga?
Who is Srila Rupa Gosvami? He explained everything about Vraja-bhakti in
Sri Ujjvala-nilamani and Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu. He wrote Sri
Ujjvala-nilamani especially to give vraja-prema and vraja-bhakti. He
explained in Bhakti-rasamtra-sindhu that bhakti can be experienced by five
moods and five kinds of services; santa, dasya, sakhya, vatsalya and
madhurya. Among them, three are prominent sakya, vatsalya and madhurya.
The mood of the Vrajabasis is vraja-bhakti; especially, the mood of the
gopis is madhurya-rasa in vraja-bhakti; and especially, the mood of
Srimati Radhika is the highest emblem of vraja-bhakti.
Srila Rupa Gosvami has explained all these truths.
ei ta sadhana-bhakti--dui ta' prakara
eka 'vaidhi bhakti', 'raganuga-bhakti' ara
["There are two processes of practical devotional service. One is
regulative devotional service, and the other is spontaneous devotional
service." (Caitanya-caritamrta Madhya-lila 22.108)]
Those who are following the path of raganuga [*See Endnote 3] in any rasa
other than manjari-bhava in madhurya-rasa are Rupanuga, but not so much
partly, very partly. In fact, it can also be said that they are not
Rupanuga. Those following the path of sakya and vatsalya rasa are
raganuga, but even they are not Rupanuga. Those who follow the line of
personal mood of Sri Rupa Manjari (Srila Rupa Gosvamis other form, in his
service to Radha-Krsna, as a gopi-manjari) and Srila Rupa Gosvami are
What is the mood of Rupa Manjari? She is a dasi of Krsna and Radhika, but
with an inclination towards Srimati Radhika. Actually, she is a dasi of
Srimati Radhika, not Krsna. If Srimati Radhika is happy, then Krsna will
automatically be happy. If Krsna has been neglecting someone, but that
person has taken shelter of Srimati Radhika, then Krsna is bound to accept
yasya prasadad bhagavat-prasado
yasyaprasadan na gatih kuto 'pi
dhyayam stuvams tasya yasas tri-sandhyam
vande guroh sri caranaravindam
["Only by the mercy of Sri Gurudeva can one receive the mercy of Krsna;
without his grace the living entities cannot make any advancement nor be
delivered. Meditating three times a day on the glories of Sri Gurudeva and
reciting sattva-stuti, I offer prayers unto his lotus feet." (Sri
Guruvastakam verse 1)]
If you have made a mistake and committed any aparadha at the lotus feet of
Sri Krsna, or you have neglected Him, but if you are taking shelter in the
lotus feet of a qualified Guru, then Krsna may forgive you. Guru will tell
Krsna, "You must forgive him. You are bound to forgive him, because I have
accepted her or him." On the other hand, if Krsna is about to accept that
person, but Guru is neglecting and is upset with him, then Krsna will
reject him. In the same way, even if Krsna has neglected someone, if that
person will take shelter in the lotus feet of Srimati Radhika, then Krsna
is bound to give her special mercy.
radhika-dasi yadi haya abhimana
sigrai milai taba gokula-kana
["If you develop pride in being Srimati Radhika's exclusive maidservant,
then very quickly you will meet Gokula Kana." (Sri Radha Bhajana Mahima
Srila Narottama dasa Thakura is a Rupanuga Vaisnava. What did he do? He
cleaned the place where his Gurudeva, Srila Lokanatha Gosvami, used to
pass stool. At first Lokanatha Gosvami refused to accept Narottama dasa as
his disciple, because that boy was a prince, the son of a king. Narottama
dasa began to sweep that place, and then he would put water and cow dung
in that spot to make it pure and scented. One night Lokanatha Gosvami
caught hold of Narottama dasa on that very spot and asked, "Who are you?"
Narottama dasa began to weep, and then Lokanatha Gosvami accepted him.
Anyone internally and outwardly fulfilling the orders of Gurudeva, who is
himself Rupanuga, does not only fulfill his Guru´s order, but he knows his
Guru´s wish even before the order is spoken. Sri caitanya mano-bhistam.
Srila Rupa Gosvami realized the inner heart´s desire of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, and similarly, you will have to know Sri Guru mano-bhistam. If
you are not qualified to know, you are not a disciple; you are only a
disciple outwardly. You should try to know the wish of your Gurudeva how
he will be happy and try to please him. If Guru is not happy with you,
Krsna will not be happy with you.
cintamanir jayati somagirir gurur me
siksa-gurus ca bhagavan sikhi-pincha-maulih
lila-svayamvara-rasam labhate jayasrih
"All glories to Cintamani and my initiating spiritual master, Somagiri.
All glories to my instructing spiritual master, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, who wears peacock feathers in His crown. Under the shade of His
lotus feet, which are like desire trees, Jayasri [Radharani] enjoys the
transcendental mellow of an eternal consort." This verse is from the
Krsna-karnamrta, which was written by a great Vaisnava saint named
Bilvamangala Thakura. (Sri CAitanya-caritamrta Adi-lila 1.57)]
[*Endote 2: - Guru-pancaka Guru-pancaka (Sri Guru (spiritual master),
Paramaguru (grand spiritual master), Paramesthiguru (great grand spiritual
master), Paratparguru (great great grand spiritual master),
Paramparatparguru (great great great grand spiritual master)
[*Endnote 3: - "We Gaudiya Vaisnavas are known as Rupanuga. Rupanuga means
the followers of Rupa Gosvami. Why should we become followers of Rupa
Gosvami? Because sri-caitanya-mano 'bhistam sthapitam yena bhu-tale. He
wanted to establish the mission of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu."
(Srimad-Bhagavatam 5.5.2, Hyderabad, April 13, 1975)
[*See Endnote 4 Raganuga-bhakti One has to serve Krsna according to
these regulative principles, but if one develops spontaneous love for
Krsna as exhibited in the activities of those who live in Vrajabhumi, one
attains the platform of raganuga-bhakti. One who has developed this
spontaneous love is eligible for elevation to the platform enjoyed by the
inhabitants of Vrajabhumi. In Vrajabhumi, there are no regulative
principles set forth for Krsna's service. Rather, everything is carried
out in spontaneous, natural love for Krsna." (Sri Caitanya-cartiamrta,
Madya 8.221 purport)
tara anugata bhaktira `raganuga'-name
"The original inhabitants of Vrndavana are attached to Krsna spontaneously
in devotional service. Nothing can compare to such spontaneous devotional
service, which is called ragatmika-bhakti. When a devotee follows in the
footsteps of the devotees of Vrndavana, his devotional service is called
raganuga-bhakti." (Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Madhya 22.149)]
ya sa raganugocyate
["Devotional service in spontaneous love is vividly expressed and
manifested by the inhabitants of Vrndavana. Devotional service that
accords with their devotional service is called raganuga-bhakti, or
devotional service following in the wake of spontaneous loving service."
(Sri Caitanya-cartamrta, Madhya 22.154)]
[Thus ends part 2. Part 3 is coming soon.]
Editorial Advisors: Pujyapad Madhava Maharaja and Sripad Brajanatha dasa
Transcriber: Vasanti dasi
Editor: Syamarani dasi
Typist: Anita dasi